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Archive for the ‘Vineyards’ Category

Savigny-lès-Beaune, Les Lavières is 17.66-hectare Premier Cru climat in the wine commune Savigny-lès-Beaune,   situated in Burgundy’s Côte de Beaune.  The vineyard is situated just east  of Aux Gravains in the Pernand sector of the appellation, north of the Rhoin River on the hillside descending from Bois Noël. Facing south from an elevation of 260 to 280 meters, the thin (30 cm) and brown sandy soil contains many rocks and flagstones.

The vineyard name, “Les Lavières”refers to the many flagstones in the soil. The Carmelite Order acquired 10 oevreés of  Les Lavières in 1665.

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Savigny-lès-Beaune, Les Jarrons is 9.35-hectare Premier Cru climat in the wine commune Savigny-lès-Beaune,   situated in Burgundy’s Côte de Beaune.  The vineyard is located in the Beaune sector of Savigny, south of the Rhoin River on the hillside descending from Mont Battois.  Specifically, La Dominode lies  uphill from Les Narbantons, and downhill, north of Les PeuilletsLa Dominode (which is entitled to its own appellation and Premier Cru status) forms a majority 7.89-hectare  piece of Les Jarrons; excluding the La Dominode piece, Les Jarrons comprises only 1.46 hectares. Facing east, northeast from an elevation of 260 meters, the soil is sandy with some fine gravel and a bit of red clay.

The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem acquired 10 oevreés of Les Jarrons in 1665. The name, Les Jarrons, derives from a French word referring to the branches of a tree.

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Savigny-lès-Beaune, Les Haut Jarrons is 9.35-hectare Premier Cru climat in the wine commune Savigny-lès-Beaune,   situated in Burgundy’s Côte de Beaune.  The vineyard is located in the Beaune sector of Savigny, south of the Rhoin River on the hillside descending from Mont Battois.  Specifically, Les Haut Jarrons lies just uphill of the separate Premier Cru climat, Les  Jarrons; in fact, the name “Les Haut Jarrons” means the “high section of Jarrons”. Facing east, northeast from an elevation of 280 meters, the soil of Les Haut Jarrons is deep, brown and sandy, and contains some limestone gravel.

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Savigny-lès-Beaune, Aux Gravains is 6.15-hectare Premier Cru climat in the wine commune Savigny-lès-Beaune,   situated in Burgundy’s Côte de Beaune.  The vineyard is situated between Les Lavières and Aux Serpentières in the Pernand sector of Savigny, north of the Rhoin River on the hillside descending from Bois Noël. Facing south from an elevation of 260-270 meters, the soil is a sandy alluvium with an admixture of gravel and limestone scree.

The vineyard name, “Gravains”, makes reference to the fine gravel in the sandy soil.

Excellent Aux Gravains is made by Domaine Jean-Marc et Hugues Pavelot.

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Savigny-lès-Beaune, Aux Guettes is 14.08-hectare Premier Cru climat in the wine commune Savigny-lès-Beaune,   situated in Burgundy’s Côte de Beaune.  Situated in the Pernand sector of Savigny, north of the Rhoin River on a steep portion of the hillside descending from Bois Noël, Aux Guettes lies just above the village of Savigny, at the northwestern end of the band of Premiers Crus. Facing south from an elevation varying between 270 and 330 meters, the sandy reddish soil is rich in clay with many protruding rocks.

The vineyard name, “Guettes”, refers to a masonry hunting blind (a “guet” in French) that lies on the uphill section of the vineyard, from which hunters can observe game unseen.

Very fine Aux Guettes is made by Domaine Jean-Marc et Hugues Pavelot.

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Savigny-lès-Beaune, La Dominode is 7.89-hectare Premier Cru climat in  Savigny-lès-Beaune.  La Dominode actually comprises a separate climat within the larger Premier Cru climat Les Jaurrons, which is located in the Beaune sector of the appellation, south of the Rhoin River on the hillside descending from Mont Battois. Specifically, La Dominode is situated southwest and uphill from Les Narbantons, and north of Les Peuillets. Facing East from an elevation of approximately 260 meters, the soil is quite sandy with a bit of red clay and limestone scree. Many critics believe that La Dominode manifests the most typicity and excellence in Savigny-lès-Beaune.

There are two plausible etymologies for the name “Dominode“. The first is that the name comes from a previous owner, Domino de Pommard.  The second explanation is that the vineyard once belonged to a grand seigneur (“lord”), the latin term for which was “dominus“.

Some of the finest La Dominode is made by Domaine Jean-Marc et Hugues Pavelot. Louis Jadot also produces a very popular example.

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Bel Air: This small 2.65-hectare Premier Cru climat in Gevrey-Chambertin sits like a crown atop (on the uphill, western boundary of) the magnificent Grand Cru Chambertin, Clos de Bèze. Facing east from a steep slope that reaches 300 meters, the soil is essentially a continuation of the limestone soil of Clos de Bèze, although Bel Air enjoys somewhat deeper soil with more marl.

The vineyard was created from barren land in the 1960s and acquired Premier Cru status only in 1987. Some critics believe that especially in warm, ripe vintages, when the altitude is not a disadvantage, Bel Air can produce wine that closely resembles its neighbor, Chambertin, Clos de Bèze.

The vineyard name presumably derives from the fine, panoramic view that can be enjoyed from the site looking down on Gevrey-Chambertin.

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Clos Blanc de Vougeot  is a small 2.29-hectare Premier Cru climat located in the commune of Vougeot.  The vineyard, a monopole of the Domaine de la Vougeraie, is situated in front of the Château du Clos de Vougeot, below the western half of the Clos de Vougeot’s north wall. By tradition, and most likely in fact, Cistercian monks identified the parcel as early as 1110 A.D. as a perfect vineyard site for white wine used in communion. Surrounded as it  is by vineyards producing red wine (not only in Vougeot but also in the whole Côte-de-Nuits), Le Clos Blanc is poetically referred to as a “diamond set in a field of rubies.”

 The triangular-shaped vineyard, whose traditional lieu-dit is La Vigne Blanche, lies at an elevation of 250 meters, with an eastern exposition, and enjoys a limestone-based soil mixed with clay. While the vineyard is planted 95% with Chardonnay, there is also a small amount of traditional Pinot Beurot (4%) and Pinot Blanc (1%) which help make the wine both distinctive and complex.

Owned from 1959 until 2000 by L’Heritier Guyot , where it was quite regrettably an underperformer, the quality of Clos Blanc de Vougeot has been raised by the Vougeraie team to the very highest level. The farming is organic (certified by Ecocert) and rigorous biodynamic practices are closely followed. Winemaker Pierre Vincent presses whole bunches for 2½ hours, followed by a 12 hour debourbage at 15°C. The wine is fermented in barrels and aged for 16 months before bottling.

Only about 500 cases of the wine are made each year.

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Clos de Vougeot: This 50.97-hectare Grand Cru climat, situated in the commune of Vougeot, is the largest Grand Cru in the Cote-de-Nuits and the largest clos (walled vineyard) in the Cote-d’Or. At over 75% of the Vougeot’s vineyards, the Clos de Vougeot dominates its commune as does no other vineyard in Burgundy.

There are several different soil types within the Clos de Vougeot and so the location of the vines is of particular importance. Although the vineyard appears rather flat from the perspective at the highway (RN 74) , there is in fact about 30 meters of vertical drop, with a 3°-4° slope, as the vineyard extends out from the Château toward the RN74. The soil closest to the Château, the preferred part of the vineyard, is well-drained granular, limestone-based soil of Bathonian origin.  The soil becomes increasingly marly in the middle section of the vineyard, with a topsoil depth of 40-50 centimeters, but the abundant  pebbles keep it well-drained. Closer to the road, as the water table rises, the soil becomes increasingly alluvial with a greater proportion of clay and retained moisture.

There are over 80 exploitants of the Clos de Vougeot, including Domaines Meo-Camuzet, Michel Gros, Leroy,  as well as the Domaine de la Vougeraie  and the Domaine de Montille.

The 1.05-hectare parcel belonging  to the Domaine de la Vougeraie  is located at the top and highest portion of the vineyard just to the left of the alley leading to the Château. The .29-hectare parcel belonging the Domaine de Montille is situated by the abandoned tower  just west of the Château de LaTour.

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Clos des Epeneaux: This  5.23-hectare Premier Cru climat is a monopole of the Domaine Comte Armand in the Burgundy appellation of Pommard. A walled vineyard generally square in shape, Clos des Epeneaux stradles two other Premier Cru climats, Les Grands Epenots and Les Petits Epenots, each of which contributes land to the Clos between them. Les Grands Epenots and Les Petits Epenots begin at the northern boundary of Pommard the commune with Beaune, and continue upslope of the RN 73 as it forks from the RN 74 just south of Beaune. Clos des Epeneaux faces south, southeast and the stony, well-drained soil is composed of clay-limestone colluvium over a limestone base. The vineyard lies at an altitude of about 250 meters above sea level. 

The name Epeneaux suggests the presence of buissons epineux, the spiny bushes that once grew there.

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