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Archive for the ‘Vineyards’ Category

Latricières-Chambertin, grand cru : This 7.35-hectare Grand Cru climat, situated in the commune of Gevrey-Chambertin,  is comprised of two subclimats, Latricières at 6.90 hectares, and Aux Combottes at .45 hectares. The vineyard lies at the southern end of the commune, at the border with Morey-St-Denis, to the west of Chambertin and waet (uphill) of Charmes-Chambertin. Facing east from an altitude of 280 meters, the vineyard lies over a limestone base with topsoil consisting of a crumbly mixture of clay, silt and limestone.

 The name of the vineyard derives from “la tricière”, old Burgundian argot for a worthless parcel of land unsuited for agriculture. There are nearly fifteen separate owners of the vineyard.

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Chapelle-Chambertin: This 5.48-hectare Grand Cru climat, situated in Gevrey-Chambertin,  is comprised of two subclimats, En la Chapelle at 3.69 hectares, and Les Gémeaux at 1.79 hectares. Both abut the RN 74, just east and downhill from Clos-de-Bèze. Facing east from a gentle slope lying at 260 meters, the vineyard’s soil is shallow and pebbly on top of a Bajocian limestone base.

 The name of the vineyard recalls a chapel built on the site by the monks of Bèze in 1155.

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Charmes-Chambertin  (including Mazoyères-Chambertin).  If Chambertin and Clos-de-Bèze  are the undisputed kings of Gevrey-Chambertin,  just so is Charmes-Chambertin the undisputed crown prince.  At 30.83 hectares, Charmes-Chambertin, a Grand Cru climat in Gevrey-Chambertin,  is more than twice the size of any other Grand Cru in the commune. Charmes-Chambertin is comprised of two lieux-dits, Aux Charmes at 12.25 hectares, and Mazoyères at 18.58 hectares. Both  climats  may be bottled as Charmes-Chambertin, and usually are. Wine from Mazoyères, however, may also be bottled as Mazoyères-Chambertin, or as Charmes-Chambertin, Les Mazoyères.

The Charmes-Chambertin vineyard lies south of the Beaune-Dijon Road (RN 74), with the Mazoyères parcel between Latricieres-Chambertin and the RN74; and the Aux Charmes lieu-dit just to the south of Chambertin. The vineyard faces east from an altutude of 260 meters. The base is Bajocian limestone, and the shallow overlying soil consists of decomposed limestone (called lave), clay and gravel.

Of all the Grands Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin, Charmes is the most forward in its development, and provides the easiest drinking, early on. It is also among the most feminine. One is very tempted to call the wine “charming”, which would be an accurate descriptor, but the vineyard name actually derives from the word “Chaume” and refers to the fact that it was at one time a fallow field.

 

Charmes-Chambertin copy

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Chambertin, Clos-de-Bèze: This 15.40-hectare Grand Cru climat, situated in Gevrey-Chambertin,  lies immediately north of Chambertin, and extends north along the western side of the RN 74 until Mazis-Chambertin.

 Interestingly, Clos-de-Bèze is actually the oldest vineyard in Gevrey, older even than Chambertin. Following a gift of the vineyard to them by the Duc Amalgaire de Bourgogne, the monks of Bèze planted the vineyards around 630 A.D. Only after  Clos-de-Bèze came under the jurisdiction of  Cluny around 900 did the monks decide to plant the area now comprising Chambertin. Perhaps it is for this reason that Clos-de-Bèze may legally be sold as Chambertin,  Clos-de-Bèze, but Chambertin may not.

Like Chambertin, Clos-de-Bèze faces east from a similar altitude of 275-300 meters. The soil is a mixture of clay-limestone-pebble over a base of Bajocian limestone. The wines from the Clos-de-Bèze are only subtly different from Chambertin,  with Clos-de-Bèze perhaps exhibiting a bit more liveliness as well as greater delicacy.

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Chambertin: This 12.90-hectare Grand Cru climat, situated in Gevrey-Chambertin,  is preeminent in the commune and one of the most famous vineyards in the world. It lies to the west of the RN 74, and between Latricieres-Chambertin and Chambertin, Clos-de-Bèze. Facing east on a gentle slope from an altitude of 275-300 meters, Chambertin is well  protected from the westerly winds by the forest of the Montagne de la Combe-Grisard, the soil is clay-limestone colluvium mixed with oolitic pebbles over a base of Bajocian limestone.

 The wines of Chambertin are among the most powerful and assertive of red Burgundies. In their youth, they are sturdy and full, often a bit austere, but well-structured and loaded with black fruit. As they age, they become rounder, more generous and more complex.

The most respected producer of Chambertin is Domaine Armand Rousseau.

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Clos des Grandes Vignes: This 2.21-hectare Nuits-St-Georges Premier Cru climat is a monopole of the Château de Puligny-Montrachet. The walled vineyard lies on the east side of the  Beaune-Dijon road (RN 74) in the middle of the commune of Premeaux-Prissey.   Facing east  and lying at 230-240 meters, the soil is nearly flat with only a 2-4% slope. The topsoil is a mixture of limestone with a small amount of clay and the subsoil is Bathonian limestone.

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Les Thorey: This 5-hectare Premier Cru climat lies in the northern part of the commune of Nuits-St-Georges, uphill and to the north of the village.  Facing southeast and lying at 225-280 meters, this vineyard lies just above Aux Bousselots on a slope of 10-15%. The topsoil is a mixture of limestone and clay over a base of Comblanchien limestone. Two superb examples of Les Thorey come from Domaine Sylvain Cathiard and Domaine de Montille.

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Chaines Carteaux:  This 2.07-hectare Premier Cru climat lies in the southern part of the commune of Nuits-St-Georges along the border with Premeaux-Prissy,  uphill and to the north of Les Saint Georges. Facing east and lying at 260-300 meters, this vineyard has a steep slope of 20%. With a base of Comblanchien limestone, the overlying soil is rich and deep, with high percentages of clay and sand. The name refers to small Burgudian barrels (“carteaux”) made of oak (chêne).

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Les Saints Georges: This 7.52-hectare Premier Cru climat lies in the southern part of the commune of Nuits-St-Georges along the border with Premeaux-Prissy, just downhill and east of  Chaines Carteaux  and Les Vaucrains. By consensus, Les Saints Georges is the finest vineyard in the appellation and worthy of Grand Cru status.  Facing east and lying at 245-260 meters, this vineyard has a gentle hillside slope of 7-8%. The topsoil is rich and very stony with a mixture of limestone and clay.  The subsoil is a complex base of Premeaux, Comblanchien and oolitic limestone.

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Les Cailles: This 3.81-hectare Premier Cru climat lies in the southern part of the commune of Nuits-St-Georges along the border with Premeaux-Prissy, just north of Les Saint Georges. Facing east and lying at 250-260 meters, this hillside vineyard slopes gently at 7-8%. The topsoil is rich and very stony with a mixture of limestone, sand and clay.  The subsoil is Comblanchien and oolitic limestone. The name does not suggest the presence of quail, but is rather a contraction of cailloux, meaning stones.

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